How to Create Simple Calculator in Python

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Code to Create a Simple Calculator in Python

In this tutorial, we will learn how to create a calculator with Python 3. The program reads user input continuously and performs calculations based on user input. We will create a simple calculator that can add, subtract, multiply, and divide. You can add more math operations as needed.

Algorithm of Program

  1. We use an infinite loop to retrieve user input continuously. It means that a user can use the calculator as many times as they want. The loop runs indefinitely until the user stops it. We use a while loop to create this infinite loop.
  2. The calculator is closed when the user inputs “q” as an input or an endless loop while closing when the user inputs “q” at the beginning of the circle.
  3. For each calculation (adding, subtracting, etc.), we have different functions. We will call these functions from the main program.
  4. Using an ‘if-else’ condition, we check what type of calculation the user wants to perform.
  5. More various types of calculations can be added in this program by just adding count related code in the ‘if-else’ condition ladder, also required changes needed to be made in the menu option too.

Python Code :

 

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Output :

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Explanation of code:

  1. As you can see in the above program, we defined four different functions at the beginning of the program. The add function is used to add two numbers, the sub-function for subtraction, the mul function for multiplying two numbers, and the div function for determining the division. All these functions take two numbers as parameters. In this example, we print the result in each role. You can also return the output from the parts and print them in the calling class.
  2. Before starting the program, the user will see a message stating that + is used for addition,  for subtraction, * for multiplication, / division, and q for leaving the game. It is a multi-line message for which we use a triple-comma.
  3. The infinite loop is a while loop. “While True” starts this loop infinitely.
  4. In the loop, we use several if-elif-else cases. The program first prompts the user to enter the type of calculation. It will read it and save it in the variable user_input. To read this value, we use the method ‘input ().’
  5. Using the if-elif-else conditions, we check the type of user input. Depending on the type of information, we call the required function as defined above.
  6. If the input is invalid, the program prints a message asking the user to enter a valid entry; if the access is ‘q,’ it will be an exit.